Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi is an independent political and defense analyst. He was Visiting Professor of Pakistan Studies at Columbia University”s School of International and Public affairs (SIPA) from January 1996 to July 1999, and the allama Iqbal Professor at Heidelberg University, Germany from 1988 to 1991. Until 2001, he was a Professor of Political Science at the Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan. Rizvi obtained his M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Pennsylvania, and an M.Phil. in Politics from the University of Leeds, UK.